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Searching the Internet
The perils of Wikipedia

Please read Getting the most out of Wikipedia before deciding to use Wikipedia. Click HERE to access the article.

Wikipedia: the changes a page goes through.

This document looks at the history of the wikipedia page for Sally Yates, former US Attorney General under the Obama Administration and former acting Attorney General under the Trump administration.

The images work chronologically backward over a period of roughly five hours. 

Alternative Search Engines to Google

Evaluating websites checklist click HERE

Learn the net: this site provides information on topics such as Internet basics and email etiquette, and web searching with a free Internet tutorial.

Take part in the Spider's Apprentice, a helpful guide to understand who to use web search engines: tips on using Internet search sites like Googe, alltheweb and Yahoo.

Try a different search engine today: 

Addict-o-matic  Blekko  Dogpile  Duck Duck Go   iSeek   Ixquick  Kartoo  Redz   RefSeek   Search Cube  SymbHound  Daybees    Virtual LRC    Wolffram/Alpha   Yippy

Click HERE to access the Library's recommended search engines. 

Spotlight on:

  • Yandex SearchOne of the largest search engine in the world founded in 1997. Ability to run searches on webpages, images, videos, maps and more. Searches can be run in a variety of languages.
How to spot fake news

Made-up news is not new, but it now spreads quickly through social media and the Internet. Readers remain the first line of defense against the dissemination of these bogus reports.  Discover the verifiability of a given news-piece in front of you.

  • Consider the source
  • Read beyond the headlineIf a provocative headline drew your attention, read a little further before you decide to pass along the shocking information.
  • Check the author: Another tell-tale sign of a fake story is often the byline. 
  • Supporting sources? Many times these bogus stories will cite official — or official-sounding — sources, but once you look into it, the source doesn’t back up the claim.
  • Check the date: Some false stories aren’t completely fake, but rather distortions of real events. 
  • Is it a joke?  Remember, there is such thing as satire.
  • Check your biases: Confirmation bias leads people to put more stock in information that confirms their beliefs and discount information that does not.
  • Ask the experts: see section 'Fact-Checking Sites'

Read the full article from’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News HERE or watch the video guide below.

The Web according to Librarians

Reviewed websites, apps and digital media compiled by school librarians around the UK. (Information taken from The School Librarian)

TeacherTube: an alternative to Youtube?

Samuel Pepys


Talking about Science


Mock elections

Blogging update

True tube

Scotland on screen

Brilliant bookmarks

A history of the world in 100 objects


Book trailers

Round up of book related sites

World War One - centenary websites

Staying safe online

'The Times' archive

Nations online


The beauty of maths

Debating websites

Myths and legends

Taking liberties

Biographies on the web

BBC Topics

Open learn

Finding Shakespeare

Crisis point

The national educational network



World War II anniversaires

World timelines

Heart of the school

Evolving English

Anniversaries of famous people and events for 2009

Homecoming Scotland

The people's network


Astronomy resources

Brought to life: exploring the history of medicine

Survival rivals

Harry Potter's world: renaissance science, magic and medicine

British Library sound archive

Graphic novels

QR codes

King James Bible

Anniversaries for 2011

The big think


Climate change

Sustainable energy


British geological survey


E-book sites

Domesday reloaded

Heritage explorer

ICT connections

Google art project

Olympics round up - part one

Christmas ICT

Scholastic education calendar

War horse

Olympics round up - part two

Critical thinking


Your paintings

Anniversaires in 2012

All the news


Revision round-up

Apps for retrieving and recording information on the go

Round up for readers

Digital disruption

Inforsmart: information skills for creatives

Book drum

Tutankhamun and the golden age of the pharaons


Archimdes lab

The Olympic games

Discovering Antarctica

Glow - the Scottish schools digital network






Free Online Resources

British Library newspaper archive 

Common craft

Council of Australian University Librarians

Cover Browser

Directory of Open Access Journal

Encyclopedia of Life

Encyclopedia Smithsonian

Europeana: online gateway to European culture

Federal resources for educational excellence

A google a day

Google world wonders projects

Morgue file

Percentage calculator

UK Web Archive

 Vintage ad browser

Voice of America


OpenDOAR: Allows you to search through freely academic research information with more directly useful resources

CIA World factbookOffers information on major reference information around the world. History, people, government, economy, and more are all covered in this online publication.

State legislative websites directoriesUse this database to find information from the legislatures of all 50 U.S. states, DC, and the Territories. You can look up bills, statutes, legislators, and more with this excellent tool.

Science.govIn this government science portal, you can search more than 50 databases and 2,100 selected websites from 12 federal agencies. This is an incredible resource for millions of pages of U.S. government science information.

ProCon.orgprovides professionally-researched pro, con, and related information on more than 50 controversial issues from gun control and death penalty to illegal immigration and alternative energy.


IB Level Directories
  • Informine: web directory
  • Intute: built by a consortium of seven UK universities
  • Scirus: very respected science researcher, make a search and choose Preferred web for fee content, journals must be paid for.
General Directories


New Websites of the Month
Spotting fake news
  Loading videos from YouTube...
Fact-checking sites

The amount of misinformation that is spread on the web is staggering. It is spread mainly via websites, social networks, and email. Hot topics for such misinformation are politics, government policies, religion and various scams and hoaxes.

Some websites have taken up the task of spreading awareness against rumors by presenting evidence and hard facts. Here are a few:

  • a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. Nonpartisan, nonprofit "consumer advocate" for voters with the aim to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.
  • the definitive Internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation. Usually the first site to report the facts.
  • The Washington Post Fact Checker: very clear left-center bias, and this is reflected in their fact checks. Their checks are excellent and sourced; however their bias is reflected in the fact that they fact check right wing claims more than left. Other than that, it is a good resource.
  • fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials who speak up in American politics. It is the best source for political fact checking, and it won the Pulitzer Prize.
  • Open Secrets: nonpartisan, independent and nonprofit, also tracking lobbying groups and whom they are funding.
  • Poynter Institute: The Poynter Institute is not a true fact checking service. They are however a leader in distinguished journalism and produce nothing but credible and evidence based content. If Poynter reports it, you can count on it being true.

Wikipedia on Twitter, watch the clip HERE.

Click HERE for a list of known fake news websites.

Niche Directories
  • integrated directory of knowledge resources and companies (operates a pay per click search engine)
  • Dexigner: leading online portal for designers, includes a directory section
  • Library and Archival Exhibitions on the Web: international database of online exhibitions which is a service of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  • Virtual Library museums pages: directory of museum websites around the world
  • The Environment Directory: lists links to environmental sites only
  • Pandia powersearch:Offers a selection of specialized search engines, arranged by topic, so it is a good starting point for the hunt of specialized search engines
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