When we understand the elements of reasoning, we realize that all subjects, all disciplines, have a fundamental logic defined by the structures of thought embedded in them. Therefore, to lay bare a subject’s most fundamental logic, we should begin with these questions:
- What is the main purpose or goal of studying this subject? What are people in this field trying to accomplish?
- What kinds of questions do they ask? What kinds of problems do they try to solve?
- What sorts of information or data do they gather?
- What types of judgments do they typically make?
- How do they go about gathering information in ways that are distinctive to this field?
- What are the most basic ideas, concepts or theories in this field?
- What do professionals in this field take for granted or assume?
- How should studying this field affect my view of the world?
- What viewpoint is fostered in this field?
- What implications follow from studying this discipline? How are the products of this field used in everyday life?
To learn more about the elements of thought how to apply the intellectual standards, simply click on the diagram above and use your mouse to explore each concept, or visit The Critical Thinking Community website for further information.
Produced in association with PlagiarismAdvice.org this series of guides is aimed at those in schools who are concerned about falling foul of plagiarism within coursework and assessments.
The advice for students – Using sources: a guide for students : find it, check it, credit it – refers them to the Internet Detective and the Internet for Image Searching as key tools for evaluating information online.
The guidance embraces the realities of the Internet age, recognizing that students will use Google and Wikipedia, but encourages them to check their facts, be aware of bias and give credit where it is due.
It also refers to the Wikipedia selection for schools – a “free, hand-checked, non-commercial selection from Wikipedia, targeted around the UK National Curriculum” – a good example of how the academic world can engage with Web 2.0 sources.
While this advice is aimed at those in schools, University academics concerned at the rise of a “cut and paste” culture will be grateful that this issue is being tackled and may reflect that this guidance would be of use to many undergraduates as well.
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... by NoodleTools
This is a listing of useful search engines broken out by needs of the searcher. Offers the best tools for basic to advanced searching, based on discipline, time period, media type and more.
- I need help to define my topic
- I need to find quality results
- I need to do research in a specific discipline
- The timeliness of information that I need is...
- I need facts
- I need opinions and perspectives
- I need a specific type of media
- I have special search requirements
View full resources HERE
Open Access Journals are publications free to access, read and download from the Internet. No log-in information is required to access their contents. These resources are nevertheless reliable, written by experts in their fields.
A bibliography is a listing of the sources used in researching a topic for a report of information. You must keep track of all the sources you use during a project. Copies of this Research Project sheet are available in the Library. We recommend you fill out one for each source you examine. If you keep these sheets together, you will have all the information you need to prepare your final bibliography.
The Research Process checklist
Research Project Sheet (using MLA)
How to cite material using MLA (downloadable guide sheets):
The History department in the Upper School has adopted the Chicago style. Other departments int the Upper School use the MLA style. Psychology and Social Studies might ask for the APA citation style to be used.
Copies of the TASIS MLA citation style and Chicago citation style guides can also be found in the Library.
Other useful information:
What is APA citation style (Cornell University Library)
What is Turabian citation style (University of Chicago Press)
Use these checklists when evaluating specific types of websites:
NoodleTools can be accessed by:
clicking the G Suite NoodleTools button under the Google "waffle" menu, OR
clicking on the above icon and entering your Google email on the login screen.
You will need to create an account the first time you access the resources. All Upper School students and teachers are welcome to access this resource.
Please see the Librarian if you experience any problems.